Arts and Crafts Movement
The Arts and Crafts Movement started in the late 1800s, and was a celebration of individual craftsmanship and design, which developed as a reaction against transformation of Britain during the industrial revolution. William Morris , who spearheaded the movement, is particularly remembered as a book designer. He also produced textiles, stained glass, and wallpaper - in addition to being a painter and writer.
The proponents of this movement sought to reestablish the ties between creative work and the worker, focusing on integrity and honesty in design. They drew inspiration from the materials. They chose to hightlight the qualities of the media...The play of light through glass, the grain of the wood, or the form of the bowl. Furniture and architectural details were designed to take advantage of machines allowing the individual craftsmen to focus on the integrity of design.